ESDU AZ Index: CRCZ
 Aluminium Alloys, 11003
 Cyclic StressStrain Relationship, 11003
 Multiple Step Tests, 11003
 Steels, 11003
 Titanium Alloys, 11003
 Critical for Fast Fracture
 determination using resistance curves (Rcurves), 20003
 see also
 Aluminium Alloy Bars and Plates
 Aluminium Alloy Forgings
 Aluminium Alloy Sheets
 AluminiumLithium Alloy Bars
 AluminiumLithium Alloy Plates and Sheets
 Austenitic Stainless Steels
 High Alloy Steels
 High Tensile Low Alloy Steels
 Low Tensile Low Alloy Steels
 Maraging Steels
 Martensitic Stainless Steels
 Precipitation Hardening Stainless Steels
 Stress Intensity Factors
 Threshold Stress Intensity Factor Range
 Titanium Alloy (Ti10V2Fe3Al)
 Titanium Alloy (Ti11Sn5Zr2Al1Mo)
 Titanium Alloy (Ti2.5Cu)
 Titanium Alloy (Ti4Al3Mo1v)
 Titanium Alloy (Ti4Al4Mo2Sn0.5Si)
 Titanium Alloy (Ti4Al4Mo4Sn0.5Si)
 Titanium Alloy (Ti5Al2.5Sn)
 Titanium Alloy (Ti6Al2Sn2Zr2Mo)
 Titanium Alloy (Ti6Al2Sn4Zr2Mo)
 Titanium Alloy (Ti6Al2Sn4Zr6Mo)
 Titanium Alloy (Ti6Al4V)
 Titanium Alloy (Ti6Al5Zr0.5Mo0.25Si)
 Titanium Alloy (Ti6Al6V2Sn)
 Titanium Alloy (Ti8Al1Mo1V)
 Titanium Alloys
 Titanium Sheets
 Bibliography of Standard Solutions to Stress Intensity Factors, 80036
 Introduction to Use of Linear Fracture Mechanics, 80036
 Method of Calculating Crack Growth, 17003, 81011, 84001, 84003
 Modes of Crack Opening, 80036
 Surface Treatments of Steels to Inhibit
 guidance on selection of appropriate, 89031
 Under Fatigue Loading
 dependence on stress intensity factor range, 80036
 description of process, 71009, 80036
 description of process in conjunction with fretting, 90031
 differences in behaviour between long and short cracks, 80036, 92023, 92030
 difficulty in calculating stress intensity factor for short cracks, 80036, 92023, 92030
 discussion of effect of crack tip shielding, 80036
 graph illustrating effect of crack tip shielding for corrosion resistant steels, 84003
 in welded joints, from weld to parent material, 86013
 plastic zone radius in plane strain or plane stress, 80036
 stages in growth, 80036
 threshold of stress intensity factor range and effect of stress ratio, 80036
 Under Tension
 conditions for plane strain, 80036
 conditions for plane stress, 80036
 crack growth curves (Rcurves) for specific materials, 20003
 fracture toughness and methods of testing, 80036
 introduction to crack growth resistance curves (Rcurves), 20003, 80036
 plastic zone radius in plane strain or plane stress, 80036
 residual strength and critical crack size, 80036
 thickness effects on plane strain or plane stress, 80036
 Dynamic Response to Turbulence and Wind
 Mean Forces and Moments Due to Wind
 Mechanical Vibration Characteristics

 see
 Buildings
 see
 Engine Oils
 Analysis, 10019, 76005, 81033, ME1
 Coupler Maximum EndLoad and Corresponding Crank Angle, 76005, ME1
 Crank Angle Between Dead Centres, 76005, ME1
 Crank Maximum Inertia Torque and Corresponding Crank Angle, 76005, 81033, ME1
 Design Practical Considerations, 76005, ME1
 Extreme Transmission Angles, 76005, 81033, ME1
 ParallelCoupler, 76005, 81033, ME1
 Performance Curves for One Complete Crank Rotation
 coupler acceleration, 81033
 coupler angle of swing, 81033
 coupler pin force, 81033
 coupler velocity, 81033
 crank inertia torque, 81033
 rocker acceleration, 81033
 rocker angle of swing, 81033
 rocker velocity, 81033
 transmission angle, 81033
 Pin Forces
 equations and program for forces at all joints by kinetostatic method, 90022
 equations for forces at coupler joints using simple idealisations, 76005, ME1
 Return Ratio, 76005, ME1
 Rocker Angle at Extended Dead Centre, 76005, ME1
 Rocker Maximum Velocity and Corresponding Crank Angle, 76005, 81033, ME1
 Rocker Total Angle of Swing, 76005, 81033, ME1
 Synthesis, 76005, ME1
 Worked Example Illustrating Use of OSMEC Program to Analyse and Design, 98023
 Worked Examples CrankRocker Linkage and Ackermann Steering Linkage, 10019
 Of Various Metallic Materials
 aluminium, magnesium and titanium alloys, and nickel steels and steels 00932 (MMDH)
 see
 Failure Criteria
 see
 Yielding
 see also
 Flow Separation
 Aerofoils
 prediction of critical Mach number from incompressible inviscid pressure distribution, 74008
 Aerofoils of HighSpeed Section (or Elliptical Section)
 variation of critical Mach number with lift coefficient and thickness, AERO W.00.03.01
 Choking in Duct Flow
 DryOut in Boiling Flow
 Effect of Transition on Separation and Drag of Bluff Bodies Normal to Flow
 description of flow conditions, 71012
 pair of circularsection cylinders, 84015
 square and rectangularsection cylinders with rounded edges, 71016
 twodimensional circularsection cylinders in a duct, 80024
 twodimensional circularsection cylinders normal or inclined to flow, 80025
 Flooding Limits in Condensers
 Flow Limits in Heat Pipes

 see
 Heat Pipes
 ForebodyCylinders at Incidence
 Reynolds numbers for various stability regimes, 89014
 Intakes
 area or mass flow ratio for onset of spillage on all cowls, 84004
 area or mass flow ratio for onset of spillage on NACA 1series cowls, 81024
 for operation of double or single ramp rectangular externalcompression, 75005
 Response to Vortex Shedding of Circular or Polygonal CrossSection Structures
 to switch from broad to narrowband or vice versa, 96030
 Transition From Laminar to Turbulent Flow

 see
 Transition
 Transition From Laminar to Wavy Laminar in Gravity Controlled Evaporating Annular Film
 Reynolds number, 98010
 Tube Bundles in ShellandTube Heat Exchangers
 for fluidelastic instability and for response to wake shedding, 87019
 Wings
 determination of Mach number normal to given swept isobar and critical pressure coefficient, 75027
 prediction of type of pitchbreak based on planform geometry, 01005
 For Fast Fracture

 see
 Crack Length
 see also
 Condensing Flow Over LowFinned Tubes
 Forced Convection Heat Transfer
 Fouling
 Fouling in Combustion Plant
 Fouling in Cooling Water Systems
 Fouling in Crude Oil Distillation Plant
 Free Convection Heat Transfer
 Heat Exchangers
 Mixed ForcedFree Convection Heat Transfer
 Pressure Drop Across Tube Banks
 Pressure Drop in Internal Flow
 Roughness
 Cost Data for AirCooled With Various Fluids as Function of Heat Load and Operating Pressure, 92013
 effect of bundle length, tube diameter and type, and operating noise, 94043
 use in selection of heat exchanger type for given duty, 92013
 FourPass With Co or CounterCurrent Flow, Mixed or Unmixed
 charts of thermal effectiveness for design/performance rating, 98005
 effect of header or Utube connections of tubes, 98005
 maximum heat transfer effectiveness, 98005
 prediction of temperature meet (cross) between streams, 98005
 Guidance on Selection of Types on Basis of Thermal Performance, 98004
 Prediction of Acoustic Resonance for InLine or Staggered Tube Bundles
 acoustic damping for suppression of resonance, 88028
 acoustic Strouhal number, 88028
 modes and isobars for circular duct, 88028
 types of potential damage from, 88028
 typical wave form in rectangular duct, 88028
 use of deresonating baffles or other solution methods, 88028
 Serpentine With Co or CounterCurrent Flow and Various Numbers of Tube Passes
 charts of thermal effectiveness for design/performance rating, 98005
 maximum heat transfer effectiveness, 98004, 98005
 prediction of temperature meet (cross) between cocurrent streams, 98005
 SinglePass With Various Mixing Assumptions
 charts of thermal effectivenesss for design/performance rating, 98005
 maximum heat transfer effectiveness, 98004, 98005
 prediction of temperature meet (cross) between streams, 98005
 ThreePass With Co or CounterCurrent Flow, Mixed or Unmixed
 charts of thermal effectiveness for design/performance rating, 98005
 effect of header or Utube connections of tubes, 98005
 maximum heat transfer effectiveness, 98004, 98005
 prediction of temperature meet (cross) between cocurrent streams, 98005
 TwoPass With Co or CounterCurrent Flow, PartMixed or Unmixed
 charts of thermal effectiveness for design/performance rating, 98005
 effect of header or Utube connection of tubes, 98005
 maximum heat transfer effectiveness, 98004, 98005
 prediction of temperature meet (cross) between streams, 98005
 Vibration of Tube Bank
 effect of buffeting on wear and life, 87019
 mechanisms causing, 87019
 methods of reducing risk, 87019
 prediction of fluidelastic instability, 87019
 prediction of natural frequency of tubes, 87019
 response to wake shedding, 87019
 Worked Example of Use of Thermal Effectiveness Data, 98006
 see
 Sideforce
 see also
 WingBody Combination
 Effect on Base Drag of Cylindrical Afterbodies at Supersonic Speeds
 Effect on Body DragRise Mach Number
 zero angle of attack, 74013
 Effect on Pitching Moment Derivative Due to Acceleration in Heave
 low incidence and supersonic speeds, 91004
 Effect on Pitching Moment Derivative Due to Rate of Pitch
 low incidence and supersonic speeds, 91004
 Mounted at or Upstream of Base, 97022
 Normal Force on SharpEdged Delta, Cropped Delta and Rectangular
 symmetric configuration (with one wing in plane of symmetry), 90013
 Pitching Moment on SharpEdged Delta, Cropped Delta and Rectangular
 symmetric configuration (with one wing in plane of symmetry), 90013
 Rolling Moment Derivative Due to Rolling
 delta, cropped delta or rectangular on cylindrical body, AERO A.S.06.03.01, AERO A.S.06.03.03
 Composition, 71003
 Dynamic Response to Turbulence and Wind
 Mean Forces, Moments and Pressures Due to Wind or Other Fluid Flows
 see
 Statistics
 Under Bending in Plane of Curvature
 deflections, flange efficiency factors and stresses, 71004
 Stress Analysis
 With Internal Flow
 design information for guide vanes, 83037
 Damping Ratio Values
 variation with frequency, 73011
 Dynamic Response to Excitation
 PostBuckling Analysis Under Shear
 angle of diagonal tension and of maximum tensile stress in plate, 77018
 compressive stress in frames and stiffeners, 77018
 diagonal tension factor, 77018
 inward radial loading on frames and stiffeners, 77018
 maximum tensile stress in plate, 77018
 Under Shear
 buckling stress for simplysupported edges, STRUCT 02.03.18, STRUCT 02.03.19
 Stress Analysis
 With Internal Flow
 design information for guide vanes, 83037
 Dynamic Response
 mode shapes with fixed edges, 87002
 natural frequencies, edges fixed, 87002
 natural frequencies, edges simplysupported, 87002
 Dynamic Response to Excitation

 see also
 Response of Lightweight Structures
 estimation of stresses under acoustic loading, 72005
 Dynamic Response to Excitation Above Ring Frequency
 equation for coupling loss factor for connected, 98020, 99009
 equation for modal density in bending, 99009
 Under CompressionandTension (Biaxial, Uniform) With Normal Pressure
 buckling stress for simplysupported edges, STRUCT 02.01.50
 Under Compression (Biaxial, Uniform) With Normal Pressure
 buckling stress for simplysupported edges, STRUCT 02.01.50
 Under Compression (Uniaxial, Uniform) With Normal Pressure
 average and edge stresses for clamped edges, STRUCT 02.01.11
 buckling stress for clamped edges, STRUCT 02.01.10
 introduction, 72012
 Under Compression (Uniaxial, Uniform) With Shear and Normal Pressure
 buckling stress for various edge conditions, STRUCT 02.04.01
 Under Normal Pressure (Uniform)
 deflections and stresses for various edge conditions, 69019
 Under Shear
 buckling stress for simplysupported edges, STRUCT 02.03.18, STRUCT 02.03.19
 see also
 Sandwich Panels and Plates
 Program for Lower Natural Frequencies
 with uniform inplane biaxial loading, 89011
 Program for Stress Response to Acoustic Loading, 84008
 Under CompressionandTension (Biaxial, Uniform) With Normal Pressure
 buckling stress for simplysupported edges, 94007
 Under Compression (Biaxial, Uniform) With Normal Pressure
 buckling stress for simplysupported edges, 94007
 see also
 Curved Rectangular Plates
 Under Normal Pressure (Uniform) on Concave or Convex Face
 centre deflection for various edge conditions, 87036
 centre membrane stress for various edge conditions, 87036
 centre stress in unloaded face for various edge conditions, 87036
 greater stress at midpoint of edge for various edge conditions, 87036
 prediction of snapthrough for convex plates, 87036
 Stress Analysis
 With Internal Flow
 design information for guide vanes, 83037
 Program for Lower Natural Frequencies
 with uniform inplane biaxial loading, 89011
 see also
 Beta Functions
 Regression
 Similarity Laws
 Algebraic Functions for Various Types of Curves and Example Curves
 brief consideration of advantages and limitations of various fitting functions, 01011
 guidance on appropriate use of various fitting functions, 01011
 logic functions for use with discontinuous curves or with ramp functions, 01011
 polynomials, Legendre polynomials, and rational and peak functions, 01011
 various singleterm functions including trigonometric and hyperbolic functions, 01011
 Sketches of Various Curve Shapes and Guidance on Functions Likely to Fit, 01011
 At Fuselage/Lifting Surface Intersection
 effect on liftcurve slope, AERO W.01.01.04
 see
 Fatigue Loading
 see
 Tropical Storms
 see
 Beams of Circular Section
 Cylinders of Circular Section (Flow About)
 Cylinders of Circular Section (Strength and Vibration)
 Cylinders of Circular Section with Flat Ends
 Cylinders of Circular Section with Torispherical Ends
 Cylinders of Laminated Construction
 Heat Transfer
 Radiation Heat Transfer
 Struts of Tubular Section
 Banks of Circular Cylinders or Plain Tubes Normal to Flow
 Pairs of Circular Cylinders or Plain Tubes Normal to Flow
 Single Circular Cylinder or Plain Tube Aligned With or at Small Incidence to Flow
 Single Circular Cylinder or Plain Tube Normal to or Inclined at Large Angles to Flow

 see
 Axial Force
 Base Pressure
 Bluff Bodies
 Cone Cylinders
 Critical Conditions in Fluid Flow
 EllipsoidalNosed Cylinders
 Excrescences
 Forced Convection Heat Transfer
 ForebodyCylinders
 Free Convection Heat Transfer
 Internal Pressure
 Normal Force
 Ogive Cylinders
 Overturning Moment on SurfaceMounted Structures
 Pressure Distribution
 Pressure Drop Across Obstructions in Ducts
 Profile Drag
 Response of Buildings and Structures
 Response of Buildings and Structures To Atmospheric Turbulence
 Response of Buildings and Structures To Vortex Shedding
 Response of Lightweight Structures
 Sideforce
 Vortex Shedding
 Small Groups of Circular Cylinders or Plain Tubes Normal to Flow
 Considerations in Design Against Acoustic Fatigue, 86025
 Modal Density, 78004
 Natural Frequencies of Thick Shells SimplySupported
 applicability of thin shell theories, 81018
 coupled modes, 81018
 effect of Poisson's ratio, 81018
 maximum deflections and stresses and their locations, 81018
 mode shapes, 81018
 torsional modes, 81018
 Natural Frequencies of ThinWalled Stiffened Shells
 effect of initial axial loading, 80040
 effect of internal pressure loading, 80040
 effect of using external or internal stringers, 80040
 mode shapes, 80040
 program, discretestiffener model (simplysupported ends), 80040
 program, smearedstiffener model (all end conditions), 80040
 test of validity of smearedstiffener model, 80040
 torsional modes, 80040
 Natural Frequencies of ThinWalled Unstiffened Shells
 coupled and inextensional flexural modes, 78004
 effect of end conditions (clamped, free, simplysupported), 78004
 effect of initial axial and circumferential stress, 78004
 effect of Poisson's ratio, 78004
 Love and Rayleigh modes, 78004
 mode shapes, 78004
 torsional modes, 78004
 Stress Concentration in Rods and Tubes
 Under Axial Compression

 see also
 Struts of Tubular Section
 estimation of local buckling stress and influence of end effects, 83034
 internal pressure effects on local buckling, 83034
 statistical study of effect of initial irregularities on local buckling, 83034
 Under Axial Compression and Bending
 estimation of buckling stress, 84006
 Under Bending
 bending moment for collapse (Brazier's effect), 84006
 estimation of local buckling stress and influence of end effects, 84006
 internal pressure effects on buckling, 84006
 Under Differential Temperature Across Thickness
 steadystate stress distribution, 89027
 Under External Pressure
 collapse coefficients, STRUCT 04.09.01
 Under Internal Pressure
 fatigue strength, 67014
 stress concentration due to bore eccentricity, 68047
 stress concentration due to initial noncircularity, 68048
 Under Torsion
 estimation of buckling stress and influence of end effects, 84012
 internal pressure effects on buckling, 84012
 plasticity correction to buckling stress, 84012
 Under External or Internal Pressure
 maximum stresses, 66010
 Under External or Internal Pressure
 maximum stresses, 67017
 Under Internal Pressure
 Maximum Stresses, 68048